What is twist?

Twist is a measurement of the number of turns manufactured into a specified length of carpet fibre or yarn. The reason the vast majority of carpets have twisted yarns is because twisting adds to the performance of a carpet. More tightly twisted yarns generally have more resilience than those that are less tight.

What is density?

The number of ends (tufts) per square meter of carpet determines the density. The greater the number of tufts, the greater the density. Density can be increased by more closely placing fibres together or more tightly packing the fibres into the backing.

Can I save money by selecting unbranded yarn as opposed to a branded yarn, getting the same product for less?

Not necessarily, and often not. Similar products with unbranded yarns may cost less, but you may not get quality performance from unbranded yarns. Branded fibre yarns, like branded carpets and treatments, are manufactured to quality standards set by the individual company. Branded fibres usually meet a higher standard and come with extended warranties backed by the fibre company and the carpet manufacturer.

Can I spend less on the carpet and more for a better cushion to save money?

While a good cushion is essential to providing optimum carpet performance, you need to remember that you walk on the carpet, not the cushion. If you spend less for an inferior carpet, you will probably have a cushion that feels great, but a carpet that does not look as good or wear as well.

Are rating systems comparable?

Manufacturers develop their own Rating Systems based on different testing methods, standards and criteria. Since there is no standardization, and most systems are based on individual opinions, it’s not advisable to cross-reference manufacturers rating systems.

Can products be compared by weight or other technical specifications?

Technical specifications of a product are helpful. It is important to realize that many other factors affect the comparison. If two carpets are manufactured with the same specifications, for example, but made with different fibres, they could look, feel, and perform completely different.

If the backing of carpet shows when I bend it, does that indicate low quality?

No. With the exception of woven carpets, all carpets are made with spaces between the fibre ends. Carpets are made to lie flat on the floor. The best way to compare the thickness or density of different carpets is to place your fingers in the pile, on a flat surface. Thicker, denser fibre or yarn carpets generally perform better.

What is vinyl flooring?

Vinyl flooring, also known as resilient flooring because of its memory (ability to bounce back), was developed for lasting performance, to withstand heavy traffic and for easy maintenance (it is very easy to clean). Vinyl flooring offers many options. It is available in sheets or in tiles. It can be made to resemble other materials like stone, ceramic tile or hardwood. It can be designed to present a variety of looks, including checkered, deco, retro, traditional, or upscale contemporary.

How is vinyl flooring made?

Vinyl floors are composed of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and are made in layers (typically four). The bottom layer is the backing. It provides added strength. The thicker the backing is, the more durable the product is. The next layer is the printed design layer, which is covered by a protective wear layer to protect against impact damaging. The top layer is a sealed urethane layer to protect against surface damaging.

What are the advantages of vinyl flooring?

Vinyl flooring is good looking, affordable and versatile. It is appropriate to use vinyl anytime you want to cover more area at a more economical cost. It typically is available in large sheets. Therefore, a vinyl floor can be installed with few seams. Quality vinyl flooring is durable, is not affected by surface moisture (like hardwood flooring), is stain resistant, and can look good and last for decades. It is relatively easy to clean and maintain.

What are the disadvantages of vinyl flooring?

Vinyl flooring often uses water-soluble adhesives and is not recommended for areas that may be exposed to water for an extended period of time. Vinyl flooring can be ripped or gouged by sharp objects and if so, they cannot be fully repaired (sometimes the damage can be hidden or covered). Vinyl floors are not the ideal choice for areas that receive a lot of sunlight. Direct sunlight can cause their colour to fade.

Where can vinyl flooring be installed?

Above, below, or on grade, vinyl flooring is suitable for any indoor setting. It is popularly used in bathrooms, basements and spaces that receive heavy foot traffic. You can install vinyl flooring over concrete, hardwood, or plywood. Installing vinyl flooring over existing vinyl is also an option, but we do not recommend doing so over two or more pre-existing layers. A smooth subfloor is necessary because any imperfections beneath the vinyl may show through.

What is the average lifetime of a vinyl floor?

The lifetime of vinyl flooring varies widely because differences in the quality of the product greatly impact its longevity. Vinyl flooring generally lasts from five to 30 years. How well you care and maintain your floor will also impact how long it lasts.

Can sunlight fade the colour of vinyl flooring?

Yes, all vinyl floors are likely to fade in the constant rays of direct sunlight. Closing your window blinds or drapes on sunny days will help protect your vinyl flooring.

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